These beautiful ceramics are fashioned after the ceramics known as Iznik from the town of the same name that produced the tiles seen in the old Mosques and Palaces built in Turkey hundreds of years ago like Topkapi, Sultanahmet and many others. The ceramics of Iznik were highly prized because of their quality, intricate designs and extensive use by the Sultans. The city’s Greek name was Kotyaion, latinized in Roman times as Cotyaeum, a name it retains as a titular Catholic see. It was an important stopping point on the road from the Marmara region to Mesopotamia. In the 12th century BC it was incorporated into the Phrygian kingdom, becoming one of the kingdoms most important cities. The ancient city became part of the Roman province of Phrygia Salutaris and was a center of heresy from the second century onwards.
Christie’s and the Art of the Islamic and Indian Worlds
IST , 20km west of the city centre. From the airport, there are various options for getting into Istanbul: There is no night fare in Istanbul anymore – the price would be the same at midnight or midday. At the bus stop of your final destination, be wary of taxi drivers that come up to you or are overly friendly. Follow locals to a corner where most of the taxis are picking up customers.
Then, there is the metro
Iznik pottery, or Iznik ware, named after the town of İznik in western Anatolia where it was made, is a decorated ceramic that was produced from the last quarter of the 15th century until the end of the 17th century. İznik was an established centre for the production of simple earthenware.
The national flag consists of a white crescent open toward the fly and a white star on a red field. The new Turkish lira ytl was introduced in There are coins of 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 Kurus, and 1 lira. The metric system is the legal standard. Comparatively, the area occupied by Turkey is slightly larger than the state of Texas. It is bordered on the n by the Black Sea, on the ne by Georgia and Armenia , on the e by Iran , on the se by Iraq , on the s by Syria and the Mediterranean Sea , on the w by the Aegean Sea, and on the nw by Greece and Bulgaria , with a total land boundary of 2, km 1, mi and a coastline of 7, km 4, mi.
Turkey’s capital city, Ankara, is located in the northwest central part of the country. Average elevations range from m 2, ft above sea level in the west to over 1, m 6, ft amid the wild eastern high-lands. There are over peaks with elevations of 3, m 10, ft or more. Other than the Tigris and Euphrates , which have their sources in eastern Anatolia, rivers are relatively small. Because the watersheds of these streams are semibarren slopes, the seasonal variations in flow are very great.
Turkey’s 7, km 5, mi of coastline provide few good natural harbors. Most of Turkey lies within an earthquake zone, and recurrent tremors are recorded. On 29—30 March , more than 1, earthquakes were felt in the Gediz region of western Turkey, killing 1, persons.
Iznik pottery explained
Sotheby’s, 13 April , lot Notes: Only two other tiles with this design are known. One is in the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum http: The oval medallions, each framing a single bold red tulip create a similar powerful effect in each. Ottoman art is no stranger to the ogival lattice. It is perhaps most commonly encountered in kemha weaving.
The Drawing Room and The Zsolnay Store is located at Spring Street, Newport, Rhode Island Dating Zsolnay Pottery. We are open daily from 11 am to 5 pm and by appointment.
Most important Iznik rediscovery in decades appears at auction A highly important blue and white Iznik pottery charger, Turkey, circa This special piece encapsulates a symbiosis of influences, both local and foreign, as well as a flair for invention. The Pottery of Ottoman Turkey in , where it was suggested that they were used in banquets at the Court for large quantities of food.
The charger was formerly in the collection of prolific bibliophile and businessman Max Debbane , who patronised many leading cultural institutions in the town of his birth, Alexandria, as well as serving as President of the Archaeological Society. This group of five chargers is exactly the size of Yuan porcelain dishes, which were amongst the popular blue and white wares imported into the Ottoman Empire. The influence of Balkan silver bowls is also evident, as the laborious reserved decoration attempts to create the impression of relief metalwork.
This impressive album is thought to have been purchased by a member of the diplomatic entourage in Ottoman Turkey at the end of the nineteenth century, and later acquired by an Ambassador to Iran at the beginning of the twentieth century. It presents a comprehensive catalogue of the costumes of the Topkapi palace in the nineteenth century and the different costumes worn by the military during official ceremonies. The artist himself was in fact a lantern-maker, and became a painter only after his shop burned down in Fethiye, during the Bayezid fire.
An Iznik Blue and White Pottery Bottle Vase, Ottoman Turkey, Circa 1510
Fritware, polychrome underglaze painted, glazed Marks and inscriptions From the Light Verse Quran This mosque lamp is the earliest dateable example of the use of relief red Armenian bole in Iznik ceramics. The red used on this object is still quite thin, and the mismatching parts of the design suggest that it was an experimental object.
A monumental Iznik polychrome pottery tankard, Turkey, circa (est. £50,,) At almost 28 centimetres in height, this is an extremely rare model of an over-sized tankard, with most known examples measuring in the region of twenty to twenty-three centimetres.
Stylistic and historical development The formative period to c. The dating for prehistoric culture in China is still very uncertain, but this material is probably at least 7, or 8, years old. The art of the Neolithic Period represents a considerable advance. The Yangshao Painted Pottery culture, named after the first Neolithic site discovered in , had its centre around the eastern bend of the Huang He Yellow River , and it is now known to have extended across northern China and up into Gansu province.
Yangshao pottery consists chiefly of full-bodied funerary storage jars made by the coiling, or ring , method. They are decorated, generally on the upper half only, with a rich variety of geometric designs, whorls, volutes, and sawtooth patterns executed in black and red pigment with sweeping, rhythmic brushwork that foreshadows the free brush painting of historical periods. Some of the pottery from the village site of Banpo c.
The following article was sourced from a Wikipedia page at the following address: Alternatively, tile can sometimes refer to similar units made from lightweight materials such as perlite, wood, and mineral wool, typically used for wall and ceiling applications. In another sense, a tile is a construction tile or similar object, such as rectangular counters used in playing games see tile-based game.
The word is derived from the French word tuile, which is, in turn, from the Latin word tegula, meaning a roof tile composed of fired clay. Tiles are often used to form wall and floor coverings, and can range from simple square tiles to complex mosaics.
Ottoman Iznik pottery bowl sets auction record at $m. The world record for Iznik pottery of the Ottoman Empire is up %. The world record for an example of Iznik pottery from the Ottoman Empire has been raised by % by an important bowl dating to the 16th century.
Croatian, English pp. The exhibition raised much interest among both the general and international professional public, presenting valuable archaeological material from a merchant ship that sank in the late 16th century in the Sveti Pavao shallows, off the island of Mljet. Since , the Department for Underwater Archaeology of the Croatian Conservation Institute has conducted research financed by the Ministry of Culture. All the finds were restored in the Croatian Conservation Institute. The ship, whose journey ended in the Sveti Pavao shallows, was transporting oriental merchandise intended for the European market.
The most numerous and best preserved pieces of cargo from the merchantman are the ceramic items, manufactured in the Ottoman town of Iznik. The highly appreciated Iznik production reached its peak in the supreme workmanship and decoration of ceramic ware during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, having maintained its quality into the reigns of his successors Selim II and Murad III. The Iznik pottery become popular at this time in Europe and was shipped as luxury goods to major market centres like Dubrovnik or Venice.
QR Code Bowl with hunters, Persian pottery from 12th—13th century. Medieval Islamic pottery occupied a geographical position between Chinese ceramics , then the unchallenged leaders of Eurasian production, and the pottery of the Byzantine Empire and Europe. For most of the period it can fairly be said to have been between the two in terms of aesthetic achievement and influence as well, borrowing from China and exporting to and influencing Byzantium and Europe. The use of drinking and eating vessels in gold and silver, the ideal in ancient Rome and Persia as well as medieval Christian societies, is prohibited by the Hadiths ,  with the result that pottery and glass were used for tableware by Muslim elites, as pottery but less often glass also was in China, but was much rarer in Europe and Byzantium.
Nurhan Atasoy and Julian Raby, Iznik: The Pottery of Ottoman Turkey, London, , fig. Great Barr Hall in the Midlands was the family seat of the Scott family who first came to prominence in the 18th Century. Sir Joseph Scott was made a Baronet and became the MP for Worcester in the late s.
Studio pottery is pottery made by amateur or professional artists or artisans working alone or in small groups, making unique items or short runs. Typically, all stages of manufacture are carried out by the artists themselves. Studio potters can be referred to as ceramic artists, ceramists, ceramicists or as an artist who uses clay as a medium. Much studio pottery is tableware or cookware but an increasing number of studio potters produce non-functional or sculptural items.
Some studio potters now prefer to call themselves ceramic artists, ceramists or simply artists. Studio pottery is represented by potters all over the world. A tile is a manufactured piece of hard-wearing material such as ceramic , stone , metal, or even glass , generally used for covering roofs, floors, walls, showers, or other objects such as tabletops. Alternatively, tile can sometimes refer to similar units made from lightweight materials such as perlite , wood , and mineral wool , typically used for wall and ceiling applications.
In another sense, a “tile” is a construction tile or similar object, such as rectangular counters used in playing games see tile-based game.
Pre-modern wares[ edit ] Lustre decoration was first used as a glass -painting technique. Staining glass vessels with copper and silver pigments was known from around the 3rd century AD,  although true lustre technology probably began sometime between the 4th and 8th centuries AD. The reminiscence of shining metal, especially gold, made lustreware especially attractive. While the production of lusterware continued in the Middle East , it spread to Europe through Al-Andalus.
In the 16th century lustred maiolica was a specialty of Gubbio , noted for a rich ruby red, and at Deruta.
This one is attributed to either a Damascus or Jerusalem manufacturer, and dating from later, from the 18th century. It shows how the design retained its popularity. Anthony Slayter-Ralph fine art, Christie’s, Damascus, Iznik, Iznik ceramics, Iznik pottery, Iznik tile, Iznik tiles, Syria, Syrian. A mystery tile. Jul
A more advanced variety of handmade pottery, hardfired and burnished, has proved to be as early as bc. The use of a red slip covering and molded ornament came a little later. Handmade pottery has been found at Ur, in Mesopotamia, below the clay termed the Flood deposit. Perhaps the most richly decorated pottery of the Near East, remarkable for its fine painting, comes from Susa Shushan in southwest Iran. The motifs are partly geometric, partly stylized but easily recognizable representations of waterfowl and running dogs, usually in friezes.
They are generally executed in dark colours on a light ground. Vases, bowls, bowls on feet, and goblets have been found, all dating from about bc. By bc pottery was no longer decorated. Earthenware statuettes belong to this period, and a vessel in the Louvre, Paris with a long spout based on a copper prototype is the ancestor of many much later variations from this region in both pottery and metal.
Blue and white pottery
This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it. The interiors of the Alhambra in Spain are decorated with arabesque designs. Al-Kindi ‘s 9th-century Manuscript on Deciphering Cryptographic Messages was the first book on cryptanalysis and frequency analysis. Arab caliphates[ edit ] 8th century Tin-glazing: The tin-glazing of ceramics was invented by Muslim[ citation needed ] potters in 8th-century Basra , Iraq.
Lustre glazes were applied to pottery in Mesopotamia in the 9th century; the technique soon became popular in Persia and Syria.
An Iznik pottery tile panel, Ottoman Turkey, circa Photo Christie’s Image Ltd Composed of twelve square tiles, the surface decorated in cobalt- blue, turquoise, green, brown and bole red with an overall design of columns of alternating circular and ogival medallions each outlined in red, the circular medallions containing a design of tulips and carnations issuing from a central.
The vessels, often of impressive size, had a hard, dense fritware body covered with a brilliant white slip, onto which were painted elaborate arabesques and floral scrolls in a rich cobalt which had depth and texture – the ‘heap and piled’ effect – of the first Yuan blue-and-white porcelains from China. Over this was a compact, colourless glaze which adhered tightly to the body and showed no flaws of crackle and tendency to pool”.
His summary of the developments that took place at Iznik clearly acknowledges the debt to previous scholars, notably Arthur Lane who in was the first to put stricter rigour into the chronology of the development of Iznik pottery Arthur Lane, “Ottoman Pottery of Isnik”, Ars Orientalis, vol. It was Lane who first differentiated between the different early blue and white vessels, establishing a progression in style and execution.
The early motifs, whose original invention is credited to Baba Nakkash, became somewhat looser in drawing and the compositions more open in the early years of the 16th century. Dating is provided by the tiles used in the tomb of Sehzade Mahmud, dating from , which exemplify the new slightly changed aesthetic.
Iznik Tiles Iznik Tiles Iznik pottery, named after the town in western Anatolia where it was made, is a decorated ceramic that was produced from the last quarter of the 15th century until the end of the 17th century. The meticulous designs combined traditional Ottoman arabesque patterns with Chinese elements. The change was almost certainly a result of the active intervention and patronage by the recently established Ottoman court in Istanbul who greatly valued Chinese blue and white porcelain.
During the 16th century the decoration of the pottery gradually changed in style, becoming looser and more flowing.
Red glazes Red colour is famous in the Iznik palette and the colour shade is a criterion for dating.1,6 The Raman signature of haematite (˛-Fe2O3) is clearly observed (peaks at , , and cm 1),15 for instance in the jug (MNC , Fig. 4) and shard (d) (Fig. 8).
The first post is here , where I describe the tile, and the second is here , where I went in to a bit more detail about possible Iznik parallels. The skilled ceramists of Iznik in Turkey produced exquisite tiles, tableware and other decorated and glazed objects from the last quarter of the 15th century until the end of the 17th century AD. The interior of the flower spike in the Iznik examples have a painted fish-scale like decoration motif, whereas my tile had less-defined lumpy blobs with a fuzzier appearance.
The background underglaze colours were different too: So it seemed likely that these were takes on the same design by different ceramic producers. Was one a copy of the other? I would assume mine was a copy of the Iznik tile, as it is less refined and cruder in execution. He very kindly informed me that he thought my tile was Syrian, dating from the 16th or 17th century.
So armed with this knowledge, I was able to refine my searches a bit. Closely followed by disappointment when it became apparent that the details for that particular lot were not available on the website for some reason. So close and yet so far! Detail of the tile.